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江西成人高考-《英语》考试试卷及答案解析
发布者: 发布时间:2019/8/22 阅读:193

IV. Reading comprehension (60 points )

 

  Directions: There are five reading passages in this each passage is followed by four questions. For each questions there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 

  Passage One

 

  For generations, the Nganyi people of western Kenya have served as rainmakers, helping local communities decide when best to prepare their land and sow their seeds. By observing subtle changes in nature that would be unnoticeable to most people-in air currents, the flowering and shedding of leaves of certain trees, the behaviour of ants, bird songs, etc-they have been able to interpret weather patterns and provide valuable advice.

What difficulty do local rainmakers face in making weather predictions?

  But the irregular weather patterns brought by climate change mean the rainmakers can no longer use those sighs to make their predictions. And they dont have access to the technologies available to meteorologists (气象学家).

 

  Climate change has come on so fast. People dont know how to adapt or what to plant,says Obedi Osoce, a traditional weatherman. Our traditional crops are disappearing because they cannot handle the new conditions. We need new strategies to handle climate change.”

 

  Now a British-Canadian project is doing just that, linking the rainmakers with government meteorologists. The two groups get together each season and produce an agreed forecast to be spread using a variety of methods suited to communities where many cannot read or write-through ceremonies, public meetings and person-to person comma-kation.

 

  Both parties are pleased with the collaboration. I think the two sciences equally valid. We are marrying our energies to help people better,says Mr. Onunga, a Nganyi community elder involved in the project.

 

  The results have been surprisingly good-the community agreed that the forecast was accurate,says Gilbert Ouma, a lecturer at the University of Nairobi.

 

  Through this project we hope to learn what it is that we can share together to live today and to adapt to tomorrow,says Professor Laban Ogallo, leader of the Nganyi project.

 

  36. Which of the following has been used by traditional Nganyi rainmakers in weather prediction?

 

  A.Plant seeds B.Dog harks C.Bird songs D.Ocean currents

 

  37. What difficulty do local rainmakers face in making weather predictions?

they dont have access to the technologies available to meteorologists

  A. They cannot find an effective way to deliver messages.

 

  B. They lack modern technologies to cope with climate change.

 

  C. They cannot get financial support from the local government.

 

  D. They lack the facilities to stop traditional crops from disappearing.

 

  38. How do people involved in the British-Canadian project feel about their cooperation?

 

  A. Satisfied B.Confused C. Hopeful D.Regretful

 

  39. Which statement best expresses the main idea of the passage?

 

  A. A British-Canadian project has been carried out to solve farming problems.

 

  B. The Nganyi people have made weather forecasts by observing changes in nature.

 

  C. New technologies have replaced traditional methods in weather prediction in Kenya.

 

D. Scientists and Kenyan rainmakers work together in a joint weather prediction project.

 

 

Passage Two

 

  After taking a six-week, fully paid maternity leave (产假) earlier this year, Francine Gemperle was anxious to resume her job but reluctant to be away from her baby daughter, Veronika. Fortunately, she didt have to choose between them. Maya Design, a Pittsburgh based creative consulting firm, allows parents to bring newborns into the office.

 

  If Id had to leave my children after my maternity leave ended, I would never have goes back to work,says Gemperle, a designer and researcher, who brought her son Milo into the office after he was born.

 

  Shes not the only parent taking advantage of the benefit. Senior analyst Jon West brings his 10-mouth-old son, Owen, to the several times a month. In fact, when West considered using only part of his paternity leave, his co-workers urged him to take all six weeks.

 

  I had pressure to take that leave,recalls West, People told me, its an important part of your life and you need to experience it.

 

  No matter how quiet the baby is, its an obvious distraction (分心的事),says Tory Johnson, the chief executive of Women for Hire, a New York City-based recruiting film.

 

  No one has complained yet. Even if somebody did, it wouldnt matter to Mickey McManus, Mayas CEO and president, who argues that the policy builds loyalty and helps parents shift back into work mode.

 

  As part of its balancing act, Maya shares up to 20% of quarterly profits with its employees. However, the size of those checks might be up in the air at the moment. The firm once laid off five workers and it is now considering 4-day weeks to avoid more layoffs.

 

  40. Which of the following is true about Maya Design?

 

  A. It hires women with families.

 

  B. It has some overseas branches.

 

  C. It provide consulting services.

 

  D. It encourages the staff to work at home.

 

  41. What is Tory Johnsons responsibility according to the passage?

 

  A. Taking on women employees. B. Dealing with womens complaints

 

  C. Dismissing unqualified women staff D. Taking care of women staff welfare

 

  42. What is the advantage of Mayas policy according to Mickey McManus?

 

  A. It cuts down the management cost. B. It increases staff loyalty to the film

 

  C. It keeps a balance between work and life. D. It promotes equality un employment.

 

  43. Which of these would be the best title for the passage?

 

  A. A Flexible Working Schedule

 

  B. A staff shortage in Maya Design

 

  C. A Pittsburgh-based Working Place

 

  D. A Company Taking Care of Young Parents

 

 

 

答案:

36.C 37.B 38.A 39.D 40.C 

41.A 42.B 43.D

 
 

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